Types of Writing Styles

Types of writing styles include narrative, descriptive, persuasive, and expository. There are numerous different writing styles, each with unique qualities and objectives. Writing in these many styles may help authors connect with their audience and convey their thoughts clearly.

1. Narrative Writing

Narrative writing involves the author telling a story using elements such as setting, plot, dialogue, actions, and characters. Additionally, narrative writing can be based on real events and presented in a non-fictional manner. However, it can also be portrayed as fictional.

A documentary about the end of the Roman Empire could be classified as narrative writing if it presents carefully selected facts, provides a detailed account of events and relationships, and presents them in a narrative form. Additionally, in narrative writing, the facts serve to support the story, which is the central focus. You can commonly find narrative writing in legends, stories plays, screenplays, and novels.

2. Descriptive Writing

The next style of writing is descriptive writing which attempts to define a specific sense, event, place, person, object, or person. Descriptive writing features a highly personal and subjective style, with detailed and often romantic descriptions. This distinguishes it from other styles of writing, as the evaluation of the writing can be either more distant or more personal.

Emotions are also a key aspect of descriptive writing, as the author focuses on unique and arguable characteristics to create a vivid and engaging picture. Captivating the reader is the main aim of descriptive writing. Furthermore, descriptive writing is quite common in love letters, stories, diaries, and poetry. 

3. Persuasive Writing

Persuasive writing relies on factual and reasoned arguments. Simply presenting other people’s opinions without commentary or supporting evidence is not considered persuasive writing. Additionally, persuasive writing is more common in reviews, critiques, complaints, business ideas, speeches, and editorials.

4. Expository Writing

Expository writing, also known as informative writing, primarily highlights facts. Its key objective is to inform readers of the facts and not to provide personal opinions. This writing style is different from descriptive and narrative writing, as it does not have a highly personal or subjective style.

However, in informative writing, the writer’s efforts are focused on offering a written description from a specific viewpoint and providing objective reflection, rather than offering a subjective one. This style of writing is most common in instruction manuals, encyclopedias, news stories, research papers, and textbooks.


The many literary genres serve various functions and have unique qualities. Understanding these types of writing styles can help authors select the best one for their intended readership and purpose.

Effective writing needs careful consideration of the types of writing styles you choose. Whether the goal is to inform, convince, or entertain. Moreover, writers may improve their communication abilities and establish stronger connections with their readers by becoming proficient in various writing styles.

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