Leadership is an important element of the directing function of management. Wherever there is an organized group of people working towards a common goal, some type of leadership becomes essential. “The power of leadership is the power of integrating. On the other hand, the leader stimulates what is best in us. Leadership is the ability to build up confidence and zeal among people and to create an urge in them to be led. To be a successful leader, a manager must possess the qualities of foresight, drive, initiative, self-confidence, and personal integrity. Different situations may demand different types of leadership. The following are the key functions of leaders:

Functions of Leaders

The functions of leaders are critical in any organization or team to ensure that the objectives are achieved. Effective leaders understand the functions that they need to perform and can execute them with precision. Furthermore, one of the primary functions of leaders is to provide a clear vision for their team. A leader needs to set a clear direction for the team and articulate the goals that they need to achieve. This helps to ensure that everyone is on the same page and working towards a common goal.

Setting Goals:

A leader must have a clear vision and establish achievable goals and objectives that align with the organization’s mission and values. Furthermore, a leader is expected to perform the creative function of laying out goals and policies to persuade subordinates to work with zeal and confidence.


The second function of a leader is to create and shape the organization on scientific lines by assigning roles appropriate to individual abilities with the view to make its various components operate sensitively towards the achievement of enterprise goals.

Initiating Action:

The next function of a leader is to take the initiative in all matters of interest to the group. On the other hand, they should not depend upon others for decisions and judgment. A leader should float new ideas and their decisions should reflect original thinking.


Effective communication is crucial for successful leadership. A leader must be able to clearly communicate the organization’s goals and objectives to their team, as well as provide feedback and support to team members. Additionally, a leader has to reconcile the interests of the individual members of the group with that of the organization. In addition, they have to ensure voluntary cooperation from the group in realizing the common objectives.

Leaders are responsible for making critical decisions that can impact the organization’s success. They should be able to analyze situations and make informed decisions that align with the organization’s goals and objectives. Therefore, a leader should delegate tasks and responsibilities to team members based on their strengths and skills. This ensures that tasks are completed efficiently and effectively.

Direction and Motivation:

It is the primary function of a leader to guide and direct their group and motivate people to do their best in the achievement of desired goals, he should build up confidence and zeal in the workgroup. Therefore, a leader must motivate and inspire their team to work towards achieving the set goals and objectives. They should be able to create a positive work environment that encourages creativity, productivity, and teamwork.

The Link between Management and Workers:

Finally, leaders need to be able to adapt to changing circumstances. They need to be flexible and able to adjust their plans and strategies as needed to ensure that the team can overcome any challenges that arise. A leader works as a necessary link between the management and the workers. A leader interprets the policies and programs of the management to their subordinates and represents the subordinates’ interests before the management. Furthermore, he can prove effective only when they can act as the true guardian of the interests of their subordinates.

In conclusion, the functions of leaders are critical to the success of any team or organization. Additionally, leaders need to be able to provide a clear vision, motivate their team, manage effectively, communicate clearly, and adapt to changing circumstances. By executing these functions effectively, leaders can ensure that their team achieves its goals and succeeds in its endeavors.

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